The French Revolution
Part I: The Foundation
Part I: The Foundation
[Editor's Note: Footnotes, most of which contain additional information about the conspirators, in the original are omitted.]
In 1773, Mayer Amschel Rothschild invited twelve wealthy and influential Jews to meet with him in Frankfurt. His objective was to convince them to pool their resources so that they could use their combined resources to finance and control a world revolutionary movement. Through revolution, they would gain control of the world, including its resources and people. The twelve agreed to join with Rothschild in a conspiracy to control the world.
Rothschild’s plan called for wrecking economies to create large-scale unemployment and bringing the masses to near starvation. With their propagandists, they would inflame hatred against the ruling class. They would advocate political freedom to convince the electorate to surrender their power and prerogatives to the plotters and their agents. They would promote moral corruption, drugs, and vice. The conspirators would foment and control wars so that both sides would accrue ever larger debts. They would buy political candidates and officeholders to do their bidding. Rothschild and his co-conspirators would bring down existing governments, with either internal or external foes, and replace them with people under their control.
To aid them in their conspiracy, they got Adam Weishaupt to organize the Order of the Illuminati. The Order of the Illuminati became a front for the Jewish Kahal, the Jewish International World Government. The goal of the Jewish Kahal was to attain political, economic, and moral world dominion—the New World Order.
Adam Weishaupt (Spartacus), who was, according to Louis Blanc, "one of the most profoundest conspirators who have ever existed," founded the Order of the Illuminati on May 1, 1776 in Bavaria. Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Grand Duke Ernest of Gotha, William IX of Hesse-Kassel, Mirabeau, and, probably, Friedrich Christopher Nicolai were also founders of this Order. The Jesuits, Assassins, Roshaniya, ancient Mysteries, and Freemasonry were important contributors to the doctrines of the Illuminati.
Weishaupt based his original inner council on the pentagram, the symbol of Sirius, the Blazing Star. His inner council had five members: Weishaupt himself, Kolmer (who initiated Weishaupt into Illuminism), Francis Dashwood, Alphonse Donation de Sade (from whom comes the word "sadism"), and Meyer Amschel Rothschild.
Weishaupt’s primary proposes for establishing the Order of the Illuminati was to promote secretly his egalitarian goals. The goal of his Illuminati was to abolish (1) all established governments, especially monarchies, (2) all private property and inheritance, (3) nationalism and patriotism, which would be replaced with internationalism and universal brotherhood, (4) marriage and family life, (5) all religions, especially Christianity. Out of the resulting chaos and anarchy would arise a New World Order with its one-world totalitarian government controlled by the Illuminists. His philosophy was based on the philosophy of Jean Jacques Rousseau (private property is the cause of all man’s problems) and the anti-Christian doctrines of the Manichaeans.
To conceal the anti-Christian goal of his Order of the Illuminati, Weishaupt directed that initiates be told that the Order sought to perfect Christianity and that Jesus was the originator of Illuminism. Members were guided from Christianity to Deism, then to atheism, and finally to Satanism. Weishaupt dressed his secret tenets in Christian terminology. Only high degree members knew the true goals of the Order.
He soon used the Illuminati to infiltrate and gain control of Freemasonry. Then the Illuminati used Freemasonry to bring about his goal of infiltrating and then destroying all governments and religions and setting up a New World Order ruled by the Illuminati.
Weishaupt, who was a Jew who converted to Catholicism, may have been a Jesuit priest. At least Jesuits had previously held the position of professor of canon law at Ingolstadt University to which he was appointed in 1773. Regardless of his background, the maliciously anti-clerical Weishaupt was placed in charge of instructing students in the canons of the Church. Two years later he became dean of the Faulty of Law.
As a professor, Weishaupt advocated freedom from religious restraint and from legitimate civil authority. His teachings met strong opposition from the Jesuits. By accusing the Jesuits of being "the secret force behind the subversive secret societies," the Illuminists were able to get them expelled or suppressed in several countries. Finally in 1773, the pope dissolved the society. (However, Frederick the Great of Prussia not only did not abolish the Jesuits in Prussia; he protected and encouraged them.)
Weishaupt, who became a Freemason in 1777, was a member of the Masonic Lodge Theodore in Munich. Kolmer had initiated him into an ancient order and the Mysteries of the East in 1771. Weishaupt appears to have become a Satanist. Nevertheless, Weishaupt emphasized rationalism over mysticism and Theosophy.
Weishaupt did not originate the destructive doctrines that he advocated. He did not corrupt Freemasonry; it was corrupted before he came on the scene. He saw Freemasonry as an institution to be used to achieve his goals and proceeded to organize and control it toward that end. His goals were consistent with Freemasonry. Furthermore, the anti-Christian conspiracy was already in place waiting for him to organize, direct, and complete.
Backing Weishaupt, who was the supreme head of the Order of the Illuminati, were some of the leading Jewish bankers of Europe. His backers included Moses Mendelssohn, Daniel Itzig, Benjamin and Abraham Goldsmid, Moses Mocatta, Meyer Cerfbeer, and David Friedlander. (Bernard Lazard, a Jewish writer, asserts that "there were Jews, Cabalistic Jews, around Weishaupt.")
Weishaupt welded together a highly efficient system. He combined "the disintegrating doctrines of the Gnostics and Manichaeans of the modern philosophers and Encyclopaedists, the methods of the Ismailis and the Assassins, the discipline of the Jesuits and Templars, the organization and secret of the Freemasons, the philosophy of Machiavelli, the mystery of the Rosicrucians." He was a master at using people.
The goal of the Illuminati was (and is) to destroy utterly Western Christian society. It sought to destroy all political and religious authority. Private property was to be abolished. Nationalities were to be obliterated. Society was to be reorganized with the masses reduced to slaves ruled by the masters, the Illuminati, who would have absolute and unchecked power. Then universal equality would be achieved. Weishaupt’s goal was to destroy all existing governments and religions and to establish a New World Order. Being an extreme materialist, he had utter contempt for all religions; their only useful purpose was for him to use to deceive, manipulate, and control. This New World Order would have a totalitarian world government with a libertine Luciferian religion. Weishaupt and the Illuminati selected France as the country in which to begin the revolution.
Weishaupt demanded that members of the Illuminati dedicate themselves totally to the work of the Order. They had to place at its service all that they had—their honor, liberty, property, and life. They had to abandon all allegiances to country and Church. Furthermore, they bound themselves to secrecy and pledged unquestionable obedience to all commands of their unknown superiors.
Rich men were recruited for their money. Women were recruited because they were easy to lead (mislead) and because they could be used to influence prominent men. University professors and teachers were recruited because they could train and recruit young professionals. Religious leaders were recruited partly because Weishaupt enjoyed corrupting them and partly because of their influence. Judges, political leaders, and high-level bureaucrats were also recruited. Most members were to be kept ignorant of the true goals of the Order. They were to remain ignorant of higher ranks until they had been groomed enough to advance. Only adepts of the highest ranks knew the true goals of the Order.
Members were incited to spy on one another and on their friends, families, neighbors, and all whom they encountered. They were to discover weaknesses that the Illuminati could use to advance their cause. Members had to reveal compromising information, such as an unknown criminal act or sexual indiscretions that superiors could use as blackmail, or members would be required to commit a crime that superiors could use against them.
Among the members of the Illuminati were Prince August Karl von Hardenberg, Christian Bode (Freemason, privy councillor of the Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt), Cagliostro (known as the "Prince of Mystery"), Prince Charles of Hesse, Jean Baptiste Clootz (Anacharsis), Count Ludwig Cobenzl, Marquis de Constanza (Diomedes, secretary of the Order) Friedlander (Jewish banker), Johann von Goethe, Johann von Herder, Hertel (Marius), Itzig (Jewish banker), Immanuel Kant (philosopher), Baron Adolph von Knigge (Philo), Count Leopold de Kollowrath-Krakowski, Baron Maendl (Freemason and Chamberlain of the Elector of Bavaria), Massenhausen (Ajax), Moses Mendelssohn (Jewish philosopher and silk merchant), Mirabeau (a leader of the French Revolution), Baron de Montgelas, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (composer, Freemason), Christopher Friedrich Nicolai (publisher of a literary review in Berlin, Freemason), Mayer Amschel Rothschild (Jewish banker, founder of the House of Rothschild), Count de Saint-Germain, Count Aurelio Saviola (keeper of the archives of the Order ), Frederick von Schiller (poet), Baron von Schroeckenstein (Mahomed), Baron Joseph von Sonnenfels, Voltaire (philosopher), Christoph Wieland, and Xavier von Zwack (Cato, Freemason, lawyer, Privy Councilor to Prince von Salon).
In 1782, Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, acting as Supreme Grand Master, called the Congress of Wilhelmsbad. This meeting became known as "the Convent of Wilhelmsbad." Delegates came from every part of the British Empire, all the countries of Continental Europe, the colonial possessions of France, Holland, Portugal, and Spain, and the United States. At least three million members of secret societies from around the world were represented at the Congress of Wilhelmsbad. Among the attendees were Bode, William Dohm, Knigge, Gotthold Lessing, Mirabeau, Saint-Germain, Saint-Martin, Lord Shelburne (William Petty) of England, and Willermoz. Two of Weishaupt’s associates, Knigge and Dietrich von Dittfort control the convention. Willermoz presided over the convention.
The Illuminati had infiltrated Freemasonry and eventually had gained control of it. At the Congress of Wilhelmsbad, Weishaupt with the aid of Knigge and Dittfort formally combined the Order of the Illuminati with the Freemasons. Other secret societies, such as the Martinists, Rosicrucians, Templars, Knights of Beneficence, and the Brothers of Amity, were also united with the Illuminati and Freemasonry at the Congress. The Congress of Wilhelmsbad also united Freemasonry and allied secret societies with the international financiers. The resulting organization contained some of the most powerful men in Europe.
When the Congress of Wilhelmsbad adjourned, two important accomplishments had been achieved. One, the various secret societies of Europe had been consolidated into Freemasonry and had become universal. Frederick the Great became the Grand Master of universal Freemasonry. Two, the Illuminati had ascended into leadership. Thus, Weishaupt and his associates and backers could now carry out what Kelly calls the "Great Conspiracy" and Webster calls the "World Revolution."
Through Knigge, Weishaupt got the Congress of Wilhelmsbad to approve his plan and goal of the Great Conspiracy. That plan included Pantheism and communism of women, goods, and general concerns. Execution of the plan called for the destruction of the Church and Christianity and the elimination of all existing civil governments. The resulting void would be filled by a utopian universal republic where absolute equality, social brotherhood, and licentiousness would prevail and all social, moral, and religious restraints would be abolished.
Weishaupt established higher degrees and initiated suitable Freemasons and his own people into these higher degrees. As a candidate rose to higher degrees, he learned more about the nature and true goals of the Order of the Illuminati and Freemasonry. If he were found suitable for further illumination, he would rise to the next degree. If he were found unreliable, his advancement ceased. By controlling the higher degrees, the Illuminati controlled the Masonic lodges and used them to destroy society.
As with other illuministic societies, the greatest virtue that an Illuminate could possess was blind and unquestionable obedience to unknown superiors. Without such obedience, an Illuminate could never rise. He had to subordinate all national, religious, and patriotic allegiances and sentiments to his unknown superiors.
Only select Freemasons from the highest degree were aware of Weishaupt’s plans. Only those Freemasons who had completely rejected the God of the Christians and His Son, Christ Jesus, were initiated into the highest degree and became privy to the purpose of the Illuminati. These adepts of the highest degree became, in effect, high priests of the Synagogue of Satan. Lucifer became the god whom they worshiped. (The worship of Lucifer does not require religious ceremonies and overt acts of worship as occur in most religions. The act of blasphemy or rejecting the God of the Christians, Christ, or the Church is an act of worshiping of Lucifer.)
To thwart rivals within Freemasonry, lodges could not send local money to affiliated superiors. The Illuminati had independent sources of money and did not need local money.
Through power, money, sex, and blackmail, the Illuminati brought influential people under its control. Young people from the well-bred families were selected for indoctrination at prestigious schools. Thus, the Order of the Illuminati became "the Master Conspiracy of the Great Conspiracy."
Like today’s illuministic conspirators, the Illuminati advanced their ideology by promoting and supporting their members, agents, sympathizers, and fellow travelers in key positions in government, business, academia, and religion. By controlling these important and influential positions, they could promote and carry out their plans of world domination. From the beginning, they have promoted wars and revolutions on an ever increasing scale.
Accompanying the union of secret societies in Europe was a movement to emancipate the Jews. Jews began to be presented as innocent victims of cruel barbarous Christians. Backing this movement was Prussia. The Congress of Wilhelmsbad issued an edict that Masonic lodges were not to exclude Jews.
The Congress of Wilhelmsbad also decided to move the headquarters of illuminized Freemasonry to Frankfurt. Frankfurt was the center of Jewish financiers: Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Oppenheimer, Schuster, Speyer, D. Stern, and Wertheimer. The plans for the upcoming illuministic world revolution were formulated at the Frankfurt lodge.
In 1784, Elector Carl Theodore of Bavaria outlawed all secret societies, which included the Order of the Illuminati, not recognized by the state. The Illuminati responded by ignoring the edict. In spite of the counsel of his advisors, the Elector had issued the edict. His advisors, who were Illuminati, had greatly ridiculed and expressed considerable doubts about the existence of a conspiracy. Urging the Elector to ignore all evidence of a conspiracy were the conspirators themselves.
Following his edit, the Bavarian government began investigating the Order of the Illuminati. In 1785 the Elector suppressed by name the Order of the Illuminati, and the pope condemned the Order.
When in 1785 Weishaupt’s leadership of the Order of Illuminati became public, he fled Bavaria. He took refuge with the Ernest Louis, Duke of Saxe-Gotha. Here he continued to direct the Order.
The Illuminists turned the Bavarian disaster into a propaganda coup. They proclaimed that Illuminism was dead; the New World Order of the Illuminati was no more. Most people believed the lie. (Many still do.) With public anxiety allayed, the Illuminists became even more powerful.
Although the Order of the Illuminati was outlawed and suppressed in Bavaria and its leader exiled, the important leaders were not arrested or imprisoned. They continued to operate outside Bavaria. Though the Bavarian incident may have destroyed the Order of the Illuminati as a formal society, it did not, however, destroy the Illuminati or Illuminism. The Illuminati merely reorganized. Most likely, the German Union, which Knigge and Charles Frederic Bahardt (a Freemason) attempted to illuminize, was part of this reorganization.
Ostensibly, the German Union was established to oppose those who wanted to suppress "Reason." The stated goal of the German Union was to promote naturalism, to destroy enslaving superstition, i.e., organized religion, and to enlighten mankind. It sought to restore man to his true state of liberty and equality. The German Union was not very successful, but its successor, the Tugendbund (Union of Virtue), which was organized primarily as a political league, was.
After the suppression of the Bavarian Illuminati, Mirabeau carried Illuminism to France where he initiated the Duke of Orleans and Talleyrand. Sieyes and Condorcet soon joined. Barnave, Brissot, Claude Fauchet (a Freemason), Lafayette, and Duke Francois de La Rochefoucauld also became Illuminati. By the time that the French Revolution began, the doctrines of Weishaupt had permeated every lodge of the Grand Orient of France. To Bode and Busch goes much of the credit of this indoctrination.
Although the Order of the Illuminati seems to have disappeared when the Elector of Bavaria outlawed it and Freemasonry in 1785, its philosophical being lived on in Freemasonry and other secret societies. The Order’s ideology and practices lived on (and, indeed, are alive and more vigorous than ever today). Its leaders moved on to organize new societies and to take control of other secret societies, especially Freemasonry with which it had merged at the Congress of Wilhelmsbad in 1782.
1. Eustace Mullins, Federal Reserve (1991), p. 54.
2. Lady Queenborough (Edith Starr Miller). Occult Theocracy (Two Volumes. Hawthorne, California: The Christian Book Club of America, 1933), p. 184, 371.
3. Nesta H. Webster. Secret Societies and Subversive Movements (Palmdale, California: Omni Publication, 1924), p. 207.
4. Clarence Kelly, Conspiracy Against God and Man: A Study of the Beginnings and Early History of the Great Conspiracy (Belmont, Massachusetts: Western Islands, 1974), p. 105. Eustace Mullins, The Curse of Canaan: A Demonology of History. (Staunton, Virginia: Revelation Book, 1987), p. 92. Queenborough, p. 184. Webster, p. 205.
5. Terry Melanson, "Illuminati Conspiracy, Order of the Illumined Wise Men," http://www. conspiracyarchives.com/NWO/Illuminati.htm, Dec. 12, 2002.
6. Salem Kirban, Satan’s Angels Exposed (Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania: Salem Kirban Inc., 1980), p. 147. Archibald E. Roberts, Emerging Struggle for States Sovereignty (Fort Collins, Colorado: Betsy Ross Press, 1979), p.153.
7. K.R. McKilliam, Conspiracy to Destroy the Christian West (London, England: The Board of Anglo-Saxon Celtic Deputies), p. 5.
8. Mullins, Curse of Cain, p. 92. Queenborough, p. 184
9. Webster, p. 228.
10. Ibid., p. 231.
11. Una Birch, Secret Societies and the French Revolution Together with Some Kindred Studies (New York, New York.: John Lane Co., 1911), pp. 50, 52. Jacob Katz, Jews and Freemasons in Europe 1723-1939. (Translator Leonard Oschry. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1970), p. 73. McKilliam p. 6. Queenborough, p. 371, 373-374. J.M. Roberts, The Mythology of the Secret Society (New York, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971), p. 124. William T. Still, New World Order: The Ancient Plan of Secret Societies (Lafayette, Louisiana: Huntington House Publishers, 1990), p. 74. Webster, p. 236.
12. Denis Fahey, Grand Orient: Freemasonry Unmasked as the Secret Power behind Communism through Discovery of Lost Lectures Delivered by Monsignor George F. Dillon, D.D. at Edinburgh, in October 1884 (New and Revised Edition. Metairie, Louisiana: Sons of Liberty, 1950) p. 27. Jim Marrs, Rule by Secrecy: The Hidden History That Connects the Trilateral Commission, the Freemasons, and the Great Pyramids (New York, New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2000), p. 240-241, 253. Queenborough, p. 353. James W. Wardner, Unholy Alliances: The Secret Plan and the Secret People Who Are Working to Destroy America (James W. Wardner, 1996), p. 39.
13. Fahey, p. 46.Gary H. Kah, En Route to Global Occupation (Lafayette, Louisiana: Huntington House Publishers, 1992), p. 25, 108. Kelly, p. 90. Mullins, Curse of Canaan, p. 92.
14. The Cause of World Unrest (New York, New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1920), p. 11.
15. Kelly, p. 107.
16. Ibid, p. 133.
17. Queenborough, pp. 374-375.
18. Birch, p. 54.
[Editor's note: The list of references contained in the original is omitted.]
Copyright © 2009 by Thomas Coley Allen.
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