Soviet Union Part 1
[Editor’s note: Footnotes in the original are omitted.]
Besides fomenting two world wars, Illuminists also incited numerous Communist revolutions during the twentieth century. Before the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, revolutions had occurred in Portugal, Mexico, and other countries. These revolutions provided an arena where various revolutionary tactics and strategies could be tested. They prepared the way for the Bolshevik Revolution, which was the most important revolution of the twentieth century. It was the revolution upon which the others that followed were built.
At the end of World War I came the most important illuministic revolution of the twentieth century—the Bolshevik Revolution. The leader of this revolution was Vladimir Lenin. While in Switzerland, Lenin maintained close ties with the Freemasons and other Illuminists. He was a member of Ulianov Zederbaum, a secret lodge. Sir Alfred Milner, 33rd degree Mason, gave Lenin financial support. Alexander Helphand (Israel Lazarevitch), arranged with the German General Staff for Lenin to travel across Germany from Switzerland to Russia. Max Warburg, head of the German secret police, also aided Lenin and his gang to cross Germany to Russia. Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg approved Lenin’s passage. (Not long afterwards, the Reichstag forced his resignation.) Accompanying Lenin were Karl Radek, an Austrian Jew deserter, and several other Jews. (Of the 159 people accompanying Lenin, 128 were Jews.) Paul Warburg funneled large sums of money provided by German bankers to Lenin and Trotsky.
Before Lenin arrived in Russia, a provisional government had been set up. The establishment of the provisional government and abdication of Nicholas II resulted from the February 1917 Revolution, which Freemasons had provoked and had directed from their lodges. (The Allies pressured Nicholas to abdicate.) Alfred Milner, who controlled the Rhodes Trust and Rhodes’ secret society, financed it. The American Red Cross mission to Russia also gave money to the provisional government, primarily for propaganda purposes to urge Russians to stay in the war. Prince George Lvov headed the provisional government with Alexander Kerensky, who may have been a German agent, as his Minister of Justices. Following the Petrograd uprising, three months after Lenin’s arrival, Lvov resigned. Josef Sliozberg then selected Kerensky, a Jew, a 32nd degree Freemason, and democratic socialist, to head the provisional government. When Kerensky became Prime Minister, he appointed only Freemasons to his government. Kerensky’s mission was to keep the pro-Czarist forces and other factions under control until Lenin arrived and set up his Communist government. One of Kerensky’s first acts as Prime Minister was to give Communists and other revolutionists amnesty. After the Bolshevik Revolution, Kerensky and most of his Masonic collaborators were allowed to flee peacefully to France. Kerensky later immigrated to the United States where he earned a living as a well-paid lecturer at leading universities.
Aiding Lenin was Leon Bronstein Trotsky, a Jew and probably a German agent. (Furthermore, he was probably a German and not a Russian.) Nevertheless, Trotsky was not pro-German. Nor was he pro-Allied or pro-Russian. He was an internationalist. World revolution for world dictatorship was his goal. (Internationalism is one of the powerful forces uniting the international financiers with the Communists. Both seek a powerful central global governing authority.) He was the bankers’ inside man in the Bolsheviks. (When Lenin started showing too much independents and claiming real power, Trotsky organized the left socialist-revolutionary putsch and then an assassination attempt against Lenin, which brought Lenin back into line.)
In 1917, President Wilson sent Trotsky to Russia with an American passport. Before leaving, he stated his purpose for going. It was to overthrow the provisional government and end the war with Germany, which would allow Germany to transfer its troops from the eastern front to the western front—where the Americans were fighting. Jacob Schiff, head of the Russian Section of the Jewish International World Government (Kahal), gave a large sum of money to Trotsky. Trotsky also received money from the German government. Paul Warburg arranged the transportation for Trotsky and his entourage of Wall Street financiers, American Communists, Trotskyites, revolutionaries, and other interested parties. (Most of the entourage accompanying Trotsky to Russia were hoodlums, whom Lenin and he used to bring themselves to power.) With the assistance of Thomas D. Thacher, Trotsky organized the Red Army.
When the Bolshevik Revolution broke out, Wilson ordered no interference with it. House advised Wilson to suppress newspapers that viewed Bolshevik Russia as an enemy. William Franklin Sands, executive secretary of the American International Corp., urged the United States to recognize the Bolshevik as the Russian government. A few months later, Robe L. Owen, chairman of the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency and linked with Wall Street, urged Wilson to recognize Russia and to ship aid to the Bolsheviks. (He claimed such action was necessary to offset German influence in Russia.)
Wilson also provided Lenin financial aid at a critical moment during his revolution. He sent his personal emissary, Elihu Root, attorney for Kuhn, Loeb and Co., to Russian. Root brought Lenin with $20 million (1917 dollars or $269 million in 2000 dollars) from his Special War Fund.
Almost all the leaders of the Bolsheviks were Jews. Of the 50 key leaders, only eight were not Jews. Nine of the 12 members of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik party and 17 of the 22 members of the Council of the People Commissars were Jews. About 90 percent of the members of the first communist government of Russia were Jews. Among these Jewish leaders were Akselrode (later Commissar of the Press), Ganetzky (liaison between the Bolsheviks and the German General Staff) and Martov (leader of the Mensheviks). Lenin had a Jewish grandfather, who was a wealthy doctor and who eventually became part of the nobility and an owner of serfs.
When Bolsheviks gained control Russia, they proclaimed complete equality for Jews. Claiming Zionism to be pro-British and anti-Arab, the Bolsheviks also condemned Zionism. (Thus, the Illuminists gave Jews a false choice: Bolshevism or Zionism. In modern-day Israel these two have been essentially united.)
After achieving power, the Bolsheviks outlawed Freemasonry in 1922. Freemasonry had served the purpose of the Illuminists and was no longer needed. The Communist Party now took its place. Also, the Bolsheviks may have feared that if they left organized Freemasonry in place, Freemasons might eventually overthrow them as they had the Czar. However, the primary reason for outlawing Freemasonry was to create the illusion that Freemasonry had no connection with Communism and that animus existed between Freemasonry and Communism.
From behind the scene, Venetian Count Volpi diMisurata directed the operations that brought Lenin to power. DiMisurata had systematized the Balkan wars before the rise of the Bolsheviks. Later he brought Mussolini to power in Italy.
The Bolsheviks were well financed. Among their financial backers were Max Warburg and Co., William Boyce Thompson, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., the Disconto Gesellschaft, Olaf Aschberg (known as the “Bolshevik Banker”) of the Nya Banken of Stockholm, the Siberian Bank, Guaranty Trust Co., W. A. Harriman and Co., Jacob Schiff of Kuhn, Loeb and Co., the Rhine Westphalian Syndicate, and Alfred Milner. Sir George Buchanan and Lord Alfred Milner arranged loans for Trotsky. (Milner and Buchanan strongly influenced the success of the Bolshevik Revolution.) In Great Britain, Fabians provided Lenin and the Soviet Communists with financial and propagandistic aid. Furthermore, Illuminists organized the Bolshevik Revolution.
Big money—the very people the left hates and rails against—has always controlled the left. Commenting on this control, Oswald Spengler wrote:
There is no proletarian, not even a Communist, movement, that has not operated in the interest of money, in the direction indicated by money, and for the time being permitted by money—and that without the idealists among its leaders having the slightest suspicion of the fact.The American International Corp. was formed in 1915 in New York. Coordination of aid, particularly financial assistance, to the Bolsheviks was its principal goal. It also raised funds for German espionage and covert operation in North America and South America. J.P. Morgan, Jr., the Rockefellers, and National City Bank funded it. Its directors included Pierre du Pont, Otto Kahn (Kuhn, Loeb and Co.), John D. Ryan (director of copper-mining companies, National City Bank, and Mechanics and Metal Bank), Percy Rockefeller, James A. Stillman (president of National City Bank), Vanderlip (former president of National City Bank), Albert H. Wiggins (Chase National Bank), Beckman Winthrop, and William Woodward (director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and Rockefeller-controlled Hanover National Bank). In 1917, 10 of 22 directors were from National City Bank. C.A. Stone, a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, was its president. The American International Corp., which had extensive holdings globally, worked closely with Guaranty Trust Co. to aid the Bolsheviks. Secretary of State Robert Lansing sought American International Corp.’s advice on developing the United State’s policy toward the Soviet Union. It urged recognition of the Bolshevik regime.
Another important source of funding for the Bolsheviks was the American Red Cross Mission to Russia, which had only a nominal relationship with the American Red Cross. Raymond Robins, a mining promoter, headed the Mission after William Boyce Thompson’s departure from Russia. Robins was an agent of J.P. Morgan, Jr., Thompson, and House. He had enormous influence over Lenin. He participated in Bolshevik Executive Committee meetings and was consulted on important decisions. Following Thompson’s plan, Robins instructed the Bolsheviks to spread communist propaganda across Europe. Many suspected Robins was a Bolshevik. For their work in aiding the Bolsheviks, General William V. Judson of the United States Army recommended that Robins and Thompson be awarded the Distinguish Service Metal.
A major fund raiser for the Red Cross Mission was Henry P. Davison, who represented J. P. Morgan at Jekyll Island and was chairman of the Red Cross War Council(he would later be a member of the Council on Foreign Relations). Vanderlip (the Rockefellers’ representative at Jekyll Island) and Thompson (a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and a major stockholder in Chase National Bank and International Harvester) also assisted in raising money, with Thompson paying most of the mission’s expenses. Davidson and Alexander Legge of International Harvester Co. developed the American Red Cross Mission to Russia. Frederick M. Corse represented National City Bank and Henry Crosby Emery represented Guaranty Trust Co.
Although the ostensible purpose of the American Red Cross Mission to Russia was to provide medical service, the majority (15 of 29) was lawyers, financiers, businessmen, and their assistants. It had only five doctors and three orderlies; the doctors and orderlies stayed only a month. Among the members of the Mission were James W. Andrews (treasurer of the Mission, auditor of Liggett and Myers Tobacco Co.), Robert I. Barr (vice-president of Chase Securities Co. and of Chase National Bank), Frederick M. Corse (National City Bank in Petrograd), Herbert B. Magnuson, William G. Nicholson (Swift and Co.) Harold H. Swift (Swift and Co.) Thomas Day Thacher (attorney with Simpson, Thacher and Bartlett), William B. Thompson, Alan Wardwell (secretary and chairman of the Mission, lawyer with Stetson, Jennings and Russell, and a director of Greenwich Savings Bank, Bank of New York and Trust Co., and the Georgian Manganese Co.) The real objective was to advance the cause of the Bolsheviks to gain control of Russian markets and resources for the international financiers and capitalists, especially those in the United States.
The Mission employed three Russian-English interpreters, all of whom were Bolsheviks: they were Ilovaisky (close friend of Robins), Boris Reinstein (later secretary to Lenin and head of the Bureau of International Revolutionary of Propaganda), and Alexander Gumberg (alias Berg, real name Michael Gruzenberg, chief Bolshevik agent in Scandinavia, later confidential assistant to Floyd Odlum of Atlas Corp. and adviser to Reeve Schley of Chase National Bank).
Thompson gave the Bolsheviks a large sum of money claiming that the Bolsheviks were “the greatest power against Pro-Germanism in Russia” although Germany aided in bringing the Bolsheviks to power as Thompson most likely knew. Thompson seemed to have feared German banking and industrial interest controlling Russia after the war. He strove to have American interests, especially Morgan’s interests, to gain control of Russia and exploit it. Thompson wanted the Bolsheviks to continue fighting the Germans; however, Lenin had no intentions of remaining in the war. According to Sutton:
Thompson was not a Bolshevik; he was not even pro-Bolshevik. Neither was he pro-Kerensky. Nor was he even pro-American. The overriding motivation was the capturing of the postwar Russian market. This was a commercial, not an ideological, objective.Nevertheless, Thompson and Lenin did have one thing in common—world domination. When Thompson left Russia in 1917, he went to London. Here he met with Thomas W. Lamont, who had arrived from Paris. They persuaded the British War Cabinet to end its hostilities toward the Bolshevik regime. Aiding Thompson and Lamont in persuading Lloyd George to change from being anti-Bolshevik to pro-Bolshevik was Milner. Another important person in the conversion of Lloyd George to being pro-Bolshevik was Basil Zaharoff, an international arms dealer who sold to both sides and whom the Allied leaders frequently consulted. He was a strong supporter of the Bolsheviks, and Lloyd George was indebted to him.
Herbert Hoover, a strong proponent of the League of Nations and later the thirtieth President of the United States, was also instrumental in aiding the Bolsheviks. He bolstered the Bolshevik regime with a program of large scale food shipments. Without the massive food shipments, the starving Russians may have rebelled and overthrown the Bolsheviks. Heading the food relief to Russia was William N. Haskell. (After Stalin rose to power, he arrested everyone in Russia who had worked for this relief program. He did not want the people to know that the Communists had depended on the capitalist West to survive.)
The official diplomats of the United States, Great Britain, and France in Russia strongly opposed the Bolsheviks. All three governments sent agents to Russia to bypass their own official diplomats. Raymond Robins represented the United States. Lloyd George and Milner sent Bruce Lockhart. France sent Jacques Sadoul, a friend of Trotsky.
The Bolshevik government set up a secret trust fund with part of the Czar’s holdings that it had seized. The Bolsheviks used this fund to control the Soviet government. Comprising the trust were Felix Dzerzhinsky (founder of the Cheka), Sidney Reilly (a British secret agent), and W. Averell Harriman.
At the close of World War I, the Allied army invaded Russia. Its purpose was not to defeat the Communists; it was to consolidate Communist control of Russia. The invasion served two purposes. First it diverted and betrayed the Counter Revolution of the White forces as they were defeating the Communists. Second it gave the Communists a rally cry—foreign troops were invading Russia. The invasion succeeded in delivering the Russian peasants to the Communists as they rallied behind the Communists to defend Russia from foreign invaders. (Proof that the British and American forces did not intend to defeat or even frustrate the Communists is that they were sent to Siberia, far away from the fighting. If the purpose had been to defeat the Communists, they would had invaded European Russia.)
The army had been sent, in part, at the urging of Thomas D. Thacher, a member of the Skull and Bones. In 1918, he was urging recognition of the barely surviving Soviet government. He also pressed for giving the Soviet army military assistance and sending an allied army to Siberia to keep the Japanese out until the Bolsheviks could control it.
The United States army did take and hold the Siberian Railroad until the Bolsheviks were strong enough to hold the railroad. Moreover, the United States shipped munitions to the Bolsheviks. While the American intervention army in Siberia was providing the Bolsheviks munitions, Great Britain promised the White Russian army munitions and other supplies. These supplies, however, were never delivered. Furthermore, British agents destroyed airplanes of the White Russians. A lack of munitions and supplies forced the White Russian army to withdraw from Russia.
The coup de grace came to the White Russian army when the French General Janin, commander-in-chief of the Allied armies, surrendered Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak, commander-in-chief of the White Russian army and head of the Russian government, to save himself. At least some justice eventually came out of this incident as the Bolsheviks killed Janin a few days later. The Allies also betrayed the remaining anti-Bolshevik forces in Russia.
After Lenin gave the international financiers the concessions that they wanted, they ceased funding the White Russians. Without money, Lenin’s opposition collapsed. (A major reason that Wall Street and the international financiers had supported the Bolsheviks was to gain the right to exploit Russia. Another major reason was ideological kinship.)
The final collapse came when Sidney Reilly, a British intelligence agent and an agent of the Cheka (the Bolshevik secret police), organized the remaining Tsarist loyalists and betrayed them to the Cheka. The day before the uprising, the Cheka began arresting and executing thousands of the loyalists. The war between the White Russians and the Red Russians (the Bolsheviks) cost the lives of 28 million Russians (as compared to 1.7 million lost during World War I).
Once the Communists gained undisputed control of Russia, they began a reign of terror and mass murder that claimed more than 83 million lives. The Bolshevik Revolution was merely a continuation of the French Revolution. Along with mass murder, Bolsheviks sought to destroy the family unit with free love, i.e., unions easily dissolved at the whim of either partner, and communal education of children where children were taught to spy on their parents. They also kept the wages of workers so low that both parents usually had to work. Like the French Revolutionists, the Bolsheviks sought to destroy the Church. They destroyed church buildings, torn down icons, and murdered many priests.
Most of Czar Nicholas’s wealth, which was about $30 billion (1913 dollars or $457 billion in 2000 dollars), fell into the hands of international bankers. Most of his one billion dollars in gold and jewels were shipped to Kuhn, Loeb and Co. in New York. (Jacob Schiff, the senior partner, had used $20 million of his own moneys to finance the Bolsheviks.) Much of the gold shipped to Kuhn, Loeb and Co. was apparently transferred to Guaranty Trust Co., who in turn had the gold melted in United States mint bars. (The Treasury Department objected to paying Guaranty Trust Co. for this gold as it was suspected of being of Bolshevik origin.)
When Nicholas II was overthrown, he had $400 million in Chase National Bank, National City Bank, Guaranty Trust Co., J. P. Morgan and Co., and Hanover National Bank. Nicholas also had $25 million in Barclay’s, $30 million in Lloyd’s Bank, $35 to 50 million in the Bank of England, $80 million in Rothschild Freres in Paris, $100 million in the Bank of France, and $132 million in the Mendelssohn Bank in Berlin. None of this money has ever been returned to the rightful heirs.
As powerful as he was, Lenin eventually learned that he did not really control the Soviet Union. He might govern it, but he did so as the viceroy of more powerful men. Before he died, he came to realize that Marxism was not a viable economic system. He came to realize the destructive consequences of his action and the lives to the Russians that had been and would be wasted because of them.
Why did the Illuminists select Russia to become a communist country? Was it because Russia was the only major European country without a central bank? Was it because Russia provided an excellent geographical homeland from which Communists could launch revolutions in other countries? Was it to create a great and fearful enemy to scare the peoples of the West to give their governments more power over their lives and to keep and expand the indebtedness of their countries (and to prevent them from reneging on that debt)? Was it to get control of the vast resources of Russia?
One thing is certain, the rich and powerful men of the United States, Great Britain, and other European countries who brought the Communist to power did not fear them. These men knew that they controlled the Communists and the Communist elite in the Soviet Union knew it. If they did not control the Communists, they would not have kept the Soviet Union alive for more than 70 years. The Soviet Union would have died within a few years without the continuous inflow of Western capital and technology.
1. Eustace Mullins, The Curse of Canaan: A Demonology of History (Staunton, Virginia: Revelation Book, 1987), p. 211.
2. Nesta H. Webster, World Revolution: The Plot Against Civilization (Editor Anthony Gittens, Seventh edition, Palmdale, California: Omni Publications, 1994), p. 276.
3. Eustace Mullins, The World Order: Our Secret Rulers (Second edition, Staunton, Virginia: Ezra Pound Institute of Civilization, 1992) p. 128.
4. Stanley Monteith, Brotherhood of Darkness (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Hearthstone, 2000), p. 67.
5. Gary Allen, None Dare Call It Conspiracy (Seal Beach, California: Concord Press, n.d.), p. 67.
6. Lady Queenborough (Edith Starr Miller), Occult Theocracy (Two Volumes. Hawthorne, California: The Christian Book Club of America, 1933), p. 614.
7. The Cause of World Unrest (New York, New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1920), pp. 112-115.
8. Douglas Reed, Far and Wide. (1951), p. 278.
9. Allen, p. 59.
10. Antony C. Sutton, Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution (Morley, Western Australia: Veritas Publishing Company Pty., Ltd., 1981), pp. 64-67.
11. Ibid., p. 98.
12. Mullins, Curse of Canaan, p. 218.
13. Ibid., p. 219.
Copyright © 2009 by Thomas Coley Allen.
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