Friday, September 30, 2016

Constitutional Money

Constitutional Money
Thomas Allen

    The April issue of The Gold Standard had an article about the governor of Arizona vetoing a bill that would have treated gold as money. When the governor vetoed this bill, he violated his oath of office to uphold and defend the U.S. Constitution. Likewise, all State and federal officeholders who stand in the way of gold being money have violated their oath of office. The Constitution recognizes only two things as money: gold and silver.
    Article I, Section 10, Clause 1 of the Constitution prohibits the States from making anything except gold and silver a tender for payment of debt. Therefore, States cannot constitutionally make federal reserve notes legal payment for debt. That any State has to consider making gold money is absurd and ridiculous and shows how far that the United States have degenerated.
    Moreover, for Congress to declare federal reserve notes to be legal tender money is also unconstitutional. In spite of what judges who base their rulings on political expediency instead of the Constitution may declare, Congress has no authority to issue paper money. Moreover, Congress has no authority declare anything legal tender; it can only declare what it will accept in payment of taxes. Under the Constitution, only States may declare an item to be legal tender. Thus, as the States may only make gold and silver legal tender, only gold and silver can be legal tender.
    Furthermore, Congress may not constitutionally delegate powers that it does not have. Thus, it may not authorize the federal reserve banks to issue legal tender notes. (Also, the Constitution grants Congress no power to create a bank. Therefore, it has no constitutional authority to create the Federal Reserve System.)
    The original draft of the Constitution contained a clause that allowed Congress to emit bills of credit (to issue paper money). The Constitutional Convention removed this clause and it was not part of the Constitution adopted by the States. When the Convention removed this clause, it was convinced that it had denied Congress the power to issue paper money and making paper money legal tender.
    Some argue that the prohibition against States making anything except gold and silver legal tender does not apply to the U.S. government. However, based on a Supreme Court ruling involving the Fourteenth Amendment, the restrictions that the Constitution places on the States are also placed on the U.S. government.[1] Therefore, since the Constitution prohibits the States from making anything  gold and silver a tender for payment of debt, it also prohibits the U.S. government for making anything but gold and silver a tender for payment of debt.
    The Constitution mentions three units of measure: the dollar, mile, and year. Article I, Section 8, Clause 5 grants Congress the power to coin money and regulate the value thereof. When the Constitution was adopted, people understood that the dollar meant the weight of silver in a Spanish milled dollar. Thus, when Congress regulates the value of money, it finds the weight of silver in a Spanish milled dollar and declares the U.S. dollar to be a monetary unit that contains this weight of silver. If Congress may change the well-understood definition of the dollar on a whim, it may likewise change the well-understood definition of a year from being one revolution around the sun to be 100 revolutions — and in effect give its members life terms.
    From the adoption of the Constitution until President Roosevelt suspended the gold standard, bank notes, which is what Federal Reserve notes are, were never legal tender. Only after the gold standard was abandoned did Federal Reserve notes become legal tender. The 1934 series of Federal Reserve notes was made legal tender for all debts, but it promised redemption in lawful money. The previous series, the 1928 series, was not legal tender and promised redemption in gold. The 1963 series declared itself to be legal tender with no promise of redemption in anything.
    Whenever a State considers anything, including Federal Reserve notes, other than gold or silver to be legal tender for the payment of debt, it is acting unconstitutionally. (A more detailed argument on the unconstitutionality of paper legal tender money is found in Reconstruction of America’s Monetary and Banking System: A Return to Constitutional Money by Thomas Allen.)

Martin A. Larson, The Federal Reserve and Our Manipulated Dollar, p. 269. Paul Bakewell, 13 Curious Errors About Money, pp. 92-93.

Copyright © 2015 by Thomas Coley Allen.

More articles on money

Tuesday, September 20, 2016


Thomas Allen

    In 1859, John Brown, the father of modern-day terrorism, led an armed invasion of the South. His objective was to promote a slave revolt. Prominent abolitionists financed his invasion. They included Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe, Rev. Theodore Parker, Franklin Benjamin Sanborn, Gerrit Smith, and George Luther Stearns. This group became known as the Secret Six for their involvement with Brown. Other leading New Englanders who aided Brown were Samuel Cabot and John Murray Forbes.
    Higginson was from a leading New England banking family and a national leader of American Freemasonry. He funneled money from British radicals to abolitionists in Massachusetts who agreed with his goal of abolishing the United States Constitution and dissolving the United States.
    Howe was from a wealthy banking family and husband of Julia Howe, who wrote the anti-Southern song the “Battle Hymn of the Republic.” Howe and his wife, Julia, founded The Commonwealth, an antislavery tabloid.
    Parker was a leading Transcendentalist and Congregationalist minister and an activist in the Masonic tradition. He married into the Cabot family. He was the chief organizer of the Secret Six to finance John Brown’s raid.
    Sanborn was a disciple of Parker and Ralph Waldo Emerson. In 1857, he became Brown’s chief agent in New York.
    Smith was the first to finance Brown. He was the son of John Jacob Astor’s business partner. He was the largest land owner in New York, holding more than a million acres. Smith also gave Mazzini, the Italian revolutionary and later the most powerful man in the Western world, at least eight million dollars.
    Stearns was the leader of the Free Soilers (the Free Soilers were antislavery agitators in Kansas). He provided Brown and his terrorist gang money and a farm in Kansas from which to operate.
    Cabot paid for rifles for Brown to use in Kansas. Later his bank, Cabot Bank, lent Brown money for his terrorist operations. Brown never repaid this loan, and Cabot made no attempt to collect it.
    The Massachusetts State Disunion Convention, which Higginson called in 1857, laid plans for the Harper’s Ferry raid. Its objective was to split the United States. This convention was little more than a continuation of the Essex Junto, except instead of New England States leaving the Union, the Southern States would be driven out of the Union. The Essex Junto was behind the secession movement in New England at the time of the War of 1812.
    After Brown was executed, he became a martyr of the abolitionists. Ralph Waldo Emerson, a Young America supporter, an agent of the British imperialism, and ideological leader of the abolitionists conspiracy, eulogized him and promoted him as a saint.
    Closely associated with the Secret Six was C.I. Scofield. They used their influence to get him admitted to the bar in Kansas although he never attended law school and did not seem to have attended any college. They got him appointed U.S. District Attorney for Kansas, but scandal soon forced him to resign. After he was convicted of forgery, he became a follower of J.N. Darby, founder of the Brethren Movement.
    The Secret Six believed that the only way that America could be converted to socialism was for Christians to abandon politics and the affairs of state. (Abolitionism, socialism, and Zionism come from the same source and have the same hostility toward Christianity.) Christians had to cease being militant advocates of God’s law and the Holy Scriptures. The First Amendment needed to be subverted. Instead of meaning that government could not interfere with religion, it came to mean that the Christian Church was to be silent in the affairs of state.
    Samuel Untermyer, who was a wealthy corporate Jewish lawyer, a Zionist, and a communist sympathizer if not an outright Communist, was a major supporter of Scofield and the Scofield Reference Bible. Scofield came forth to emasculate Christianity. Through his annotated Bible, he taught a futuristic eschatology: Christ will return in the last days and rapture Christians from planet Earth thereby saving them from the evils of Satan, his anti-Christ, and his one world government and one world religion. The world must become worse and worse. An absolute autocrat must arise and rule the world. Scofield taught Zionism, the establishment of a Jewish political state to supplant the Palestinians in Palestine. This Jewish state must come into being before Christ returned. The result of his work was to convert Christians to Zionists. He demoralized and neutralized Christians.
    Untermyer later got President Wilson to appoint Louis Brandeis to the Supreme Court. Brandeis, a Zionists and a lawyer for the Jewish bank Kuhn, Loeb and Co., was the first Jew to serve on the Supreme Court.
    Wilson’s enjoyment of writing love letters to married women made him vulnerable to blackmail. Untermyer offered to give Wilson the money to buy these letters from his blackmailer if Wilson would allow him (Untermyer) to select the next Supreme Court Justice. Wilson accepted the offer, and Louis Brandies became the first Jew to serve on the Supreme Court. Brandies also became Wilson’s advisor on the Jewish Question.
    When the British government became hesitant about giving the Jews Palestine as a homeland, Wilson came forward and pressured the British government in keeping the promise that it made in the Balfour Declaration. With the Balfour Declaration, the British promised Palestine to the Jews as a Jewish homeland if the Jews brought the United States into World War I on the side of the British.
    The Secret Six had supported John Brown and his war of terrorism. They also supported Scofield, who later received the support of Untemyer. These two got the Scofield Bible published, which greatly aided Zionism. Untemyer went on to get Wilson to appoint Brandis to the Supreme Court. Brandis became Wilson’s advisor on Zionism, and Palestine became the Jewish homeland. Following World War II, Jewish terrorism gave birth to Israel. Thus, the Secret Six are to some extent responsible for the turmoil occurring in the Middle East today.

Copyright © 1995 by Thomas Coley Allen

More articles on history.

Sunday, September 11, 2016

Climate Change

Climate Change
Thomas Allen

[Editor’s note: This article appeared as a letter-to-the-editor in The Franklin Times, September 1, 2016, in response to a letter by Citizens' Climate Lobby, which was asking for members.]
    I have never heard the promoters of global warming, now called climate change, answer three fundamental questions. (1) When was the last time that the climate was not changing? (2) What is the ideal climate? (3) How do we know that it is the ideal climate?
    Perhaps Citizens’ Climate Lobby can answer these questions. If it does not know the answers to these questions, how will it know that it has achieved its goal of defeating climate change?
    In the 1970s to the mid 1980s, the big climate fear was that the planet was entering another ice age. Then in the late 1980s, the big climate fear became global warming. Imagine that, a complete turn around in the climate within a few years. Now to cover themselves from any warming or cooling, they now use “climate change.” Also, the raw data show that the planet has been cooling for at least 15 or 20 years. Consequently, the government adjusts the raw data to continue to show warming.
    Whether the promoters of climate change know it or not, the real goal of the climate change movement is to transfer ever more wealth and power from the common folk to the rich and powerful.

More articles on politics.